Four projects supported by the Livestock Vaccine Innovation Fund in six countries — Uganda, Kenya, Rwanda, Senegal, Nepal and Ghana — have explored the barriers that prevent marginalized smallholder farmers from vaccinating their livestock and the kinds of interventions that can remove the barriers. The research teams have developed training and community-sensitization materials targeted at various actors in the community, including veterinarians, animal health workers, individual farmers and others.
Some materials are designed for train-the-trainer approaches. These are especially effective at expanding and maximizing the reach of key training. Other materials are aimed at animal health workers, who interact with the farming community to pass on knowledge. Still others are targeted directly at community members and often use a picture-based approach to ensure farmers with low literacy understand them.